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Watch free live webcams of the American state of Illinois. The state of Illinois is located in the Midwest of the United States, which in terms of occupied area is in 25th place. Springfield is its capital. The largest city in Illinois is Chicago. The state is the country's main transportation hub.
Central Illinois is mostly agricultural. Industrial plants are located in the northeast in Chicago and other small cities. The southern lands are rich in natural mineral deposits, including oil and coal. The Port of Chicago is connected to the ports of the Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes via the St. Lawrence Seaway. Access to the Mississippi River is through the Illinois waterway. Chicago International Airport is rightfully recognized as one of the busiest ports in the world.
The famous Cahokia Historic Site, which consists of 109 mounds, is located near the town of Collinsville. Until the 16th century, this territory was the main city of the Mississippi culture, which disappeared between 1400 and 1500. The state was called the Illinois Confederation, which was a political union between Indian tribes. During the 17-18 centuries, the Illinois tribes in the internecine wars with the Iroquois suffered heavy losses and as a result were driven out of the territory of the present state. Later they were replaced by Potawatomi, Sauk, Miami and other tribes.
The first explorers of the lands of the future state of Illinois in 1673 were two Frenchmen, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jollier. The Illinois River was explored by Cavalier de La Salle in 1680. Until 1763, this territory was part of New France, later it was conquered by England. In 1778, during the military operations for independence, the British were expelled from these lands. In 1783, the province became part of the United States and became part of the northwestern lands of the young country. Illinois received its official status in 1787. At the same time, it was divided into districts and began to be massively populated. During the Anglo-American War in 1812, many defensive fortresses were erected in the state.