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In the southeastern United States, there is Alabama, which borders Florida and the Gulf of Mexico in the south, Tennessee in the north, Georgia in the east, and Mississippi in the west. In terms of its total area, Alabama ranks 30th among other states. Its capital is Montgomery, which, during the American Civil War, was the capital of the rebellious states from February to May 1861. The largest cities are Mobile, Huntsville and Birmingham. State status was granted in 1819. Alabama is the 22nd state in a row.
About three quarters of Alabama's territory is occupied by the plain, which has a descent to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. In the northeast of the state are the spurs of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest point in the state, Mount Chiha. About 70 percent of Alabama's land is forested. The Kahaba River flows here.
The climate in these places is subtropical oceanic with an average annual temperature of about 18 degrees Celsius. Winters are mild and summers are hot. Snow for Alabama is quite rare, but in the north of Montgomery it falls several times during the winter. The state is located in the zone of tropical hurricanes and cyclones, which usually approach from the Gulf of Mexico. It is here that the largest number of tornadoes is noted.
Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Creeks, Choctaw and a number of other tribes belonging to the Muskog group lived in the territory of the present state. The name of the state comes from the Alabama tribe currently living in Texas. The first of the Europeans to appear in these places was the Spaniard Hernando de Soto. In 1540, he first appeared in these places. In 1702, the French established a European settlement in the area of the modern city of Mobile.
In 1763, France transferred the territory of the present state to Great Britain. Then the land passed to the United States. Industrial growth began at the end of the 19th century. In the 30s of the last century, ferrous metallurgy and power engineering received their development.
The renowned University of Alabama was founded in 1831. Its branches are located in the cities of Tuscaloosa, Birmingham, Huntsville. The symbol of the educational institution is the elephant, which is successfully used in the symbols of the university football team.